Contrary to the popular perception endorsed by President Trump, climate protection efforts do not need to kill jobs at all for you.
- This fact is corroborated by the International Labour Organisation in its annual report on the global job market which said that achieving the Paris Climate Change Agreement’s 2-degree Celsius goal will result in an increase of 18 million jobs across the world by 2030.
- Similarly, ‘World Employment and Social Outlook 2018’ report also confirms that more than 3,00,000 workers will be employed in solar and wind energy sectors to meet PM Modi’s target of generating 175 GW of electricity from renewable resources by 2022.
Case of India
Skill development would be of utmost importance to realize the potential of these job opportunities.
The existing mismatch in skills pose hurdles to further growth in this sector, therefore, it is quintessential for the government to close this green skill gap by establishing sound environmental sustainable programmes.
What should India do?
- The first step is to identify the necessary skills required to push green growth in India.
- A method generally observed to have been adopted is to shift the existing jobs in carbon-based production industries by equipping them with green skills and retaining them in the same industries leaving green impact environmentally.
- Of course, the government would need to manage the socioeconomic disruptions (short term) arising out of this shift and match industry demands via quantitative and qualitative data analysis. For instance, South Africa publishes a list of occupations which are in highest demand, especially in the green sector. Similarly, France has dedicated National Observatory of Jobs and Skills in the Green Economy to regularly assess employment trends in the green economy.
- There is a need to integrate green skills in formal education and training programmes. It can be done by developing occupation-specific sets of green skills competencies, as done by Thailand. A bridge needs to be made to cover the gap between curriculum and industry needs to pull the plugs hampering green growth.
- It is important to partner with the private sector in both the designing of government programmes and enabling and incentivizing companies to run such programmes at the national level. They are the prospective employers which makes it necessary for them to be a stakeholder in government programmes on climate protection. The undertaking of such programmes by large businesses would trigger a widespread demand for green skills and training across the smaller business, thereby forcing integration of the informal sector in the value chains created to facilitate green growth.
If the government is serious to accomplish the above mentioned 175 GW goal, it will be required to focus on green energy infrastructure and enabling green skills to achieve the desired green growth.
Source – Livemint
We provide quality UPSC Coaching in Chandigarh. For all your queries regarding the class structure, material and mentorship for our programmes concerned with PCS Coaching in Chandigarh, HCS Coaching in Chandigarh and similar civil services coaching in Chandigarh region and beyond, you can contact us directly at Raj IAS Academy to avail professional quality IAS Coaching in Chandigarh. Raj IAS Academy wishes you all the best for your preparation.