The United Nations’ World Population Prospects (WPP), 2022, forecasts India becoming the most populous country by 2023, surpassing China, with a 140 crore population. Now, at the third stage of the demographic transition, and experiencing a slowing growth rate due to constant low mortality and rapidly declining fertility, India has 17.5% of the world’s population. As per the latest WPP, India will reach 150 crore by 2030 and 166 crore by 2050.
The recent trends vis-a-vis population in India –
India’s demographic dividend –
What are the obstacles in realising the demographic dividend?
Way forward –
Source – The Hindu
QUESTION – Discuss the recent trends observed in the United Nations’ World Population Prospects (WPP), 2022. What should India do today to prepare itself for tomorrow?