Editorial Simplified : 30th April

//Editorial Simplified : 30th April

Editorial Simplified : 30th April

Editorial Simplified : 30th day of April 2016

This Series of posts covers the essential Editorial from prominent newspapers. The Editorial from the newspapers are compiled by the Subject Teachers form the Academy and provided in notes format so that the aspirants does not waste their precious time in sifting through the newspapers. 

The aspirants are advised to bookmark this page for future reference 

Click on the tab below to read the Editorial Simplified for each newspaper

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Indian Express”]

Editorial : Reboot MGNREGA

Context

Today MNREGA is helping neither the drought-affected nor the really poor states.

Objective of the Scheme

To provide guaranteed employment in public works to those needing it most.

Present Statistics

  • States currently in poll mode have reported the highest increase in job numbers under MGNREGA in the year that ended March 31, 2016 which  clearly had to do more with a pre-election push from “above” by the ruling parties than any distress-driven demand pull from “below”.
  • A third of Maharashtra’s gram panchayats, incurred “nil expenditure” under the MGNREGA; that it happened in a terrible drought year speaks volumes about the state government’s commitment to the scheme.

What is the Issue?

  • Although conceived as a demand/ distress-driven programme, its successful implementation has largely rested upon state-level governance capacity or political expediency .This highlights an inherent design flaw in the MGNREGA.
  • States do not register demand for employment even in times of widespread distress because the MGNREGA rules require work to be provided within 15 days of demand registration, failing which they are entitled to unemployment benefits from the state

What can be done?

  • Allocate MGNREGA funds to states by linking it to their individual rural poor population numbers.
  • Before the start of a financial year, the Centre can announce the allocation to each state and declare that any unspent amount would be automatically reallocated to those with the capacity to use this money.
  • The very prospect of foregoing one’s entitlement — and letting the public know — would put pressure on the states to implement the MGNREGA better.

Conclusion

  • If the MGNREGA is neither helping the states worst-hit by drought nor those with the highest poverty incidence, there is a fundamental problem that must be addressed to make it a genuinely demand- and need-driven programme.

Editorial : Terms & conditions

Context

Seeking the deletion of “objectionable” references in the book, “India’s Struggle for Independence” by renowned Historian Bipin Chandra.

What do the politicians say?

  • BJPMPs, JD(U)’s K.C. Tyagi and Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha P.J. Kurien were agitated over noted historian Bipan Chandra’s reference to Bhagat Singh as a “revolutionary terrorist” in a popular text book, India’s Struggle for Independence (1988). In the Rajya Sabha, Kurien directed the government to remove the description and to “inquire how it happened”.
  • HRD Minister Smriti Iranicalled it “academic murder”.
  • BJP’s Anurag Thakur has called for a debate on what is taught in academic institutions.

What is the government doing?

The government has assured the House that the HRD minister will take “necessary steps”.

What does the author say?

The textbook in question was written at a time when terrorism had not become the global phenomenon it is now and Chandra used the term “revolutionary terrorism” to delineate a political tradition that ran parallel to the Gandhian non-violent tradition in India’s independence movement.

Why is it an Issue?

  • The advent of transnational Islamist terror groups transformed the debate on “terrorism” and gave it new meanings and associations.
  • The enormity of this change can also be grasped from the shifts in India’s own approach to Tamil separatism in Sri Lanka over the years.

Present status

A case has been filed in a Kanpur court against the Delhi University VC and the authors

Conclusion 

  • Descriptions and categories must be read within the historical context in which they are coined and deployed.
  • It is unfortunate that what should have been a lively and nuanced debate in a university classroom over how meanings of terms change with shifting contexts has been reduced to uninformed mudslinging.

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”The Hindu”]

Editorial : A misguided surrender

Context

The Gujarat government recently announced a 10 percent based on economic criterion. This editorial examines the situation.

Important points

  • The 10% quota for economically backward by Gujarat government points towards a surrender to the demands of agitating Patidar community.
  • The proposed quota will be in addition to existing 49%. Hence the 50% limit set by judiciary would be breached and the new quota is likely to be set aside by the judiciary.
  • Notably Patidars are not historically a backward class. 
  • Communities which identified themselves with upper strata of society have now started seeking backward status for variety of reasons.
  • One of the major reasons is that the young of the traditional landed classes have now started seeking better education and white collar jobs. > Other Backward Classes have asserted themselves electorally and forged formidable political alliances, hence changing balance of socio-economic power.

Analysis

  • The situation partially points towards the success of reservation policy in uplifting only the underprivileged.
  • But the impulsive decision of economic quota doesn’t seem a comprehensive solution.
  • If the policy of reservation must be revisited then a proper review should be called for and the creamy layer should be restructured in a way to benefit only the deserving.

Editorial : Fed affords RBI wiggle room

Context

The United States Federal Reserve has left interest rates unchanged. This editorial studies the trends of the global economy in this regard.

Important Points

  • The US Federal Reserve has left interests rates unchanged for a third straight meeting citing moderation in growth in world’s largest economy.
  • The US is the largest market for Indian Export hence its economic indicators merit a closer examination.
  • Signs from American Corporate sector have also not been good as technology giants such as google, Apple etc have reported disappointing numbers.
  • The overall scenario suggests that the interest rate increases by the Federal Reserve are going to be lesser than expected before.
  • Meanwhile Japan the third largest economy of the world is also likely to face contraction in its economy in 2017 as predicted by the International Monetary Fund.

Suggestions for Indian economy

  • The policy makers in India need to strike a balance between domestic growth and attracting adequate capital flows. 
  • The Reserve Bank of India must use the next five weeks to gauge the strength of the headwinds and if domestic factors to warrant be ready to provide policy accommodation to help bolster India’s economic recovery.

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By | 2016-04-30T14:56:24+00:00 April 30th, 2016|Categories: Editorial Simplified|Tags: , , |0 Comments

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