Editorial Simplified : 21st April

//Editorial Simplified : 21st April

Editorial Simplified : 21st April

Editorial Simplified : 21st day of April 2016

This Series of posts covers the essential Editorial from prominent newspapers. The Editorial from the newspapers are compiled by the Subject Teachers form the Academy and provided in notes format so that the aspirants does not waste their precious time in sifting through the newspapers. 

The aspirants are advised to bookmark this page for future reference 

Click on the tab below to read the Editorial Simplified for each newspaper

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Business Standard”]

Editorial : Improve governance

Context

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) has been slapped a fine of $940 million in the US. For infringement of intellectual property of US software firm Epic Systems. TCS is denying it.

What do experts believe

  • Jury has been harsh on TCS
  • But a company like TCS could have clearly been more mindful of its internal compliance procedures.

Are there other companies which have been slapped similar fines

  • Yes
  • Last year saw 40 investigations by overseas regulators at more than 25 companies.
  • Alkem Laboratories, a growing drug maker in India was accused by Germany’s health regulator of “fudging” data on clinical trials.
  • US Food and Drug Administration issued a warning to Emcure Pharmaceuticals for alleged violation of current good manufacturing practice norms at its Pune-based plant.
  • Infosys revealed its senior executives served inflated bills to Apple
  • An independent testing agency in Europe found India’s top-selling small cars not meeting international safety standards
  • US Federal Aviation Administration cited lack of safety oversight for downgrading India’s aviation safety rating to “category two” from “category one”.

What is the larger point in all this

  • Indian companies have been found lacking
  • Creating reputational damage to Brand India.
  • Low-cost solutions are fine, but they should come from sustainable innovation, not from cutting corners on regulatory issues.

What is the defence argument of Indian corporate

  • That domestic companies have been quick to correct their shortcomings
  • Also several global companies have also been found lacking on various parameters.

Way ahead

  • Regulators all over the world are becoming more demanding
  • Forming a more responsible corporate governance culture.
  • Indian companies need to improve their learning processes systematically and vigorously.

Editorial : Preparedness for quakes

Context

There is heightened seismic activity. The first half of April has seen at least eight major earthquakes.

Should India be worried

  • Yes
  • Two of which have been on the periphery of India.
  • India is thickly populated and extremely vulnerable to damages.
  • National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) has warned that an earthquake of more than 8.2 is due any time in the Himalayan region.
  • The geological stress in the Northeast’s hills, due partly to frequent tremor-driven weakening of the Himalayas, and the colliding of the Himalayan plate with the Indo-Burmese plate.

Why Earthquakes are considered most dangers

  • Three significant points
    • Earthquakes cannot be predicted precisely – in terms of timing and scale
    • They cannot be prevented.
    • Quakes do not kill people; collapsing buildings do.

What is the way ahead then

  • Continuous preparedness.
  • Poor people dwellings, most slum areas are the most at risk.
  • Better urban regulation
  • Existing endangered and unsafe houses be repaired, suitably restructured and reinforced, even with government assistance.
  • Spreading awareness about safe-building codes.
  • Building tremor-resistant buildings
    • With strong foundation
    • Construction based on interlocked concrete pillars
    • For building houses for poor – Going for Cost-effective designs and construction materials, such as concrete or mud houses reinforced with bamboo.

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Indian Express”]

Editorial : Pension Deforms

Context

Govt has decided to roll back amendments in Employee Provident Fund (EPF) scheme. Earlier it suggested

  1. Increase in age limit from 54 to 58 for filing claims under EPF
  2. Restriction on withdrawal of EPF and interest earned on them if claimant remained unemployed for more than 2 months (Employer contribution can only be withdrawn on maturity)

Rolling Back

  • Govt zigzag approach illustrates lack in consultative process with stakeholders
  • Lacunae in govt approach was evident when it rolled back budgetary provision of taxing EPF withdrawals

BUILDING PUBLIC CONSENSUS

  • National Pension Scheme (NPS) is seen as an alternative to EPF in long run; however NPS is linked with market fluctuation while EPF ensures fixed returns (To know more : Click Here)
  • Rollbacks resulted from protest by trade unions
  • Only wide ranging consultations by govt with stakeholders can ensure wide ranging reforms in social safety net.

Editorial : Spurious solution

Context

Political parties in poll bound southern states of Tamil Nadu (TN) and Kerala (Ker) are going overboard with poll promise of prohibition on liquor

Moral Argument Lacking

  • Barring one political party, none of the parties are putting moral arguments in support of prohibition
  • Arguments that are being put across by pro-prohibitioners are- effect on women and children, impact on family, domestic violence, pauperization etc

Solution?

  • Patriarchy is more complex than being amended through social and cultural interventions
  • Ban on liquor drives the trade underground, manufacturing of spurious products, black market, loss of revenue for excise department, health risks and resultant economy taxes the poor unequally
  • Practical strategy is to promote abstention than pursue total prohibition. Shortcut can never bring long term success

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”The Hindu”]

Editorial : Rollback redux

Context

The government recently made new provisions and rules for provident fund of employees. This editorial deals with rules , reactions and the situation.

Important points

  • The government decided to restrict the employees from emptying their Provident Fund(PF) before they turn 58 years old.
  • Another provision made was to tax three-fifths of employee PF accumulation at time of retirement. 
  • Both these rules had to be rolled back due to public backlash. 
  • There were lot of violent protests at Bengaluru , where majority of protesters were textile sector workers with vulnerable jobs. They were specifically upset with the rules as their jobs keep changing and transfers are not handled smoothly at PF office.
  • The rules regarding PF showed the government’s ‘ we know what’s best for people’ thinking.
  • The quick roll back of rules showed the government didn’t do its homework in these cases.

Suggestions

  • According to the editor, if the government had persisted with these rules people may have started preferring informal jobs with no mandatory PF deductions.
  • The editor suggests that instead of micromanaging the retirement of the 10% people with formal jobs focusing on social security for the remaining 90% would be a better idea.

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By | 2016-04-22T10:28:35+00:00 April 22nd, 2016|Categories: Editorial Simplified|Tags: , , , |0 Comments

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