Editorial Simplified : 10th May

//Editorial Simplified : 10th May

Editorial Simplified : 10th May

Editorial Simplified : 10th day of May 2016

This Series of posts covers the essential Editorial from prominent newspapers. The Editorial from the newspapers are compiled by the Subject Teachers form the Academy and provided in notes format so that the aspirants does not waste their precious time in sifting through the newspapers. 

The aspirants are advised to bookmark this page for future reference 

Click on the tab below to read the Editorial Simplified for each newspaper

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Business Standard”]

Editorial : Stifling drones

Context

Draft norms for unmanned aerial vehicles

What is the news?

Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) issued draft regulations for private operations of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), or drones.

What was the need of guidelines?

  • UAV industry is a high-growth and high-technology segment
  • Large number of security &safety concerns on the proliferation of drones.

What are the guidelines?

  • Privately owned drone should have a Unique Identification Number (UIN)
  • It should be equipped with Radio Frequency Identity tags and Subscriber Identification Modules.
  • Owner must be an Indian citizen (aged 13 years or older), or an Indian-registered body corporate with “substantial ownership and control vested in Indian nationals”.
  • Operator must be over 18 years of age and must be issued a permit, if the vehicle is to be flown at more than 200 feet above the ground level.
  • Drones must conform to safety regulations & carry appropriate insurance to cover liability.
  • Micro drones weighing less than 2 kg have less onerous regulatory requirements but these must not be flown except through visual line of sight.
  • Drones should not be used in controlled airspace reserved for the Air Traffic Control of manned aircraft.

Additional regulations

  • Civilian drones are banned from using uncontrolled airspace across vast swathes.
  • Drones are not to be used at all in most of Delhi.
  • These cannot be used within 50 km of international borders, or close to “sensitive” installations.
  • Additional permissions and clearances must be granted by the local police, by the Department of Telecommunications and in some cases, by the local administration.
  • Flight plans must be filed for usage. A security clearance must be obtained from the Bureau of Civil Aviation Security. The permits will have to be acquired at least 90 days in advance of actual operations. The permits will require renewal every two years with clearances from the Home ministry or the Bureau.

What are the issues?

  • These guidelines may be hard to enforce in practice.
  • Already, multiple types of drones are easily available, with the cheapest ones costing less than Rs 1,500 a piece. If permissions are too tedious or difficult to get, there will be a temptation to just ignore regulations.
  • In effect, given the number of “sensitive installations”, and the discretionary permissions, very little airspace may be available.

Conclusion

Drones can perform a host of useful tasks. For example, they are effectively used in damage assessment and rescue operations after disasters; for general surveys and mapping; for monitoring of power lines, ports, and pipelines; commercial photography; crop spraying; gathering of weather data, etc.Hence the regulations must be more flexible in nature.

Way Forward

Multiple safety, security and privacy concerns must be addressed. It is in every stakeholder’s interest that the DGCA conceptualizes rational guidelines for drones.


Editorial : Scams, again

Context

Political Consequences of  Augusta Westland Deal

What is the news?

Rajya Sabha was adjourned as the Congress party objected to suggestions from members of the ruling party that its president, Sonia Gandhi, was involved in AgustaWestland helicopter deal.

What is the political objective of the  allegation?

Reconfiguration of India’s national political landscape.

Present list of allegations against congress

  • Augusta Westland allegations against Party Leadership.
  • Ashok Chavan, to be prosecuted regarding the Adarsh Housing Society scandal.
  • Bhupinder Singh Hooda has had a FIR against that concerns the awarding of a plot of land to Congress-linked trust.
  • Himachal Pradesh CM Virbhadra Singh stuck in a disproportionate assets case.

What is in it for other parties (political advantage)?

Other parties need to keep the Congress from becoming a coherent national challenger once again.

What should be the way forward

  • Congress needs to respond to such allegations with more force and finesse than just by inarticulately blockading Parliament.
  • Also, a definitive legal answer needs to be found to all these allegations.

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Indian Express”]

Editorial : Life over death

Context

National Law University Delhi has prepared a Death Penalty India Report in which various structural anomalies in the legal system has been discussed

Miscarriage of Justice

  • Two third of people given capital sentence in India till Jan 2015 belong to backward classes, religious minorities, Dalits and Adivasis; two third facing death sentence are from economically vulnerable sections and 80 % of them had not completed school
  • A large majority has gone through custodial torture and their conviction is based on confessions
  • Majority of them had negligible interaction with lawyers

Injustice galore

  • Lower courts hardly follow rarest of rare case doctrine
  • Judges are impacted by public opinion and pronounce death sentences

Abolition or moratorium, at least

  • Once death penalty has been given there is no scope for remedy if flaws in investigation or judicial process are discovered; moreover fresh evidences can change the course of the legal procedure followed
  • Death penalty is a step towards retribution and revenge rather than reformation
  • Law commission has also recommended death sentences only in cases of terrorism and gradual phasing out of it
  • If not banned completely at least moratorium should be enforced on death penalty until judicial system is overhauled

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”The Hindu”]

Editorial : The crisis in Nepal

Context

The editorial studies political turmoil in neighbouring Nepal.

Important points

  • Nepal appears to be on the brink of leadership change again.
  • The fragility of the ruling party is due to the fragmented Parliament with no one in clear majority.

Major reasons of the turmoil

Three important promises not kept by the present government are seen as major reasons for the problem. These are:

  1. Promise of a more equitable Constitution that would accommodate all the people of Nepal.
  2. Reversing the estrangement with India.
  3. The most significant failure of the present government is failing to speed up reconstruction after the devastating earthquake last year. People are homeless and without basic facilities in Nepal and the government has been lethargic in making plans and executing reconstruction.

Indian angle

  • India must share some responsibility for the crisis in Nepal.
  • It is widely believed in Nepal that India has played a big role in the turmoil.

According to the editor, the situation demands that India should adopt a more open and more energetic outreach one that aims at overall progress of Nepal.


Editorial : All up in smoke?

Context

Tobacco companies in India have recently filled an appeal with the Supreme Court resisting the new regulation for bigger warning logo on cigarette packets.

Important points

The Supreme Court has directed tobacco companies to print the logo on cigarette packets according to the new regulation Untill a decision is taken by the court.

Issues around the world with regards to smoking

  • Australia had in 2012 made cigarettes to be sold in logo free plain cartons to deter smokers.
  • The European Court of Justice backed a measure to cover two-thirds of cigarette packet with health cautions.
  • The European Union and USA have stopped sale of E-cigarettes to people under 18 years of age.

Analysis

  • Meanwhile the tobacco companies have taken the fight to yet another forum ie WTO and the Supreme Court is yet to come but the public health campaign must continue.
  • There is still a long way to go in cracking down on surrogate advertising of cigarettes.
  • The government should now take bigger steps in discouraging smoking.

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By | 2016-05-12T10:32:19+00:00 May 12th, 2016|Categories: Editorial Simplified|Tags: , , , |0 Comments

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