Editorial Simplified : 10th June

//Editorial Simplified : 10th June

Editorial Simplified : 10th June

Editorial Simplified : 10th Day of June 2016

This Series of posts covers the essential Editorial from prominent newspapers. The Editorial from the newspapers are compiled by the Subject Teachers form the Academy and provided in notes format so that the aspirants does not waste their precious time in sifting through the newspapers. 

The aspirants are advised to bookmark this page for future reference 

Click on the tab below to read the Editorial Simplified for each newspaper

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”The Hindu”]

Editorial : The new symphony in India-U.S. ties

Context

Recently Indian Prime Minister visited the USA. The editorial delves into the trip and budding Indo-US relations.

Present scenario

  • Bilateral relations between India and USA have been becoming better and better especially since past two years.
  • Defence ties have consolidated in three ways:
    1. In defence procurement and co development.
    2. Co-ordination between the two forces
    3. Working together on piracy etc.
  • Most importantly the strategic alliance between India and USA has also changed for the better with declarations such as the one declaring ” India as a major defence partner”
  • The Indian side has also made statements such as ” A stronger and more prosperous India is in America’s strategic interest” suggesting proximity of strategies for both nations.

Issues and Challenges ahead

  • The US government is going to change as elections are just around the corner. India must thus reassess the situation after the change in regime.
  • India must also consider its alliances with neighbouring countries like China and Russia before making any statements on security etc.
  • The editor also feels the need to explain to the Parliament of India the details of the new Info-US relation.

Editorial : Preparing cities for high water

Context

The editorial lays emphasis on the need for protection of cities from calamities.

Important points

  • Indian cities are estimated to produce 80% of total economic goods and services of the country.
  • Events such as floods in Chennai and Mumbai and huge losses to life and property along with a haphazard response from the administration underscore the vulnerability of the cities.
  • Mindless encroachments, construction in flood plains and lack of information systems have increased the vulnerability of the cities.

What needs to be done

The following steps need to be taken to strengthen the cities and reduce vulnerability :

  1. More facilities for water harvesting must be provided.
  2. Suburban lakes should be revived.
  3. A transparent building code should be devised.
  4. Smooth supply of basic requirements like water should be ensured during all times.

Concluding remarks

On the positive side city residents have higher degree of education and financial resources and these might help administrators find durable solutions. Much of urban India is yet to be built and it may be built safer.

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Indian Express”]

Editorial : Close your eyes

Context:

The Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) determination to trip up the film Udta Punjab on the ground that it defames Punjab by projecting the state’s drug problem has created a controversy.

CBFC’s role

  • When Bollywood seems to be emerging from its cocoon of fantasy films to create works that reflect India’s current realities, the CBFC seems to be making a deliberate attempt to stall it.
  • Chairperson Pahlaj Nihalani has got it all wrong that the CBFC has not been established to provide a moral compass to filmmakers or act as a political filter.
  • Films, like all works of art, try to speak the uncomfortable and inconvenient truth.

Drug problem in Punjab

  • The drug problem in Punjab, has many layers. It’s as much about politics as it is about law and justice.
  • With the assembly elections a few months away, the State govt seem to attack any discussion of Punjab’s drug problem as “a conspiracy to defame” the youth of the state.
  • It was better if movie was taken as timely and much needed wake-up call to a social problem that needs to be addressed urgently.

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Business Standard”]

Editorial : Ending uncertainty

Context:

New Spectrum Formula

What is the news?

Uncertainty over new rate at which Indian mobile telecom service operators should pay spectrum usage fees to the Govt. is likely to come soon.

Recommendations by Telecom Commission

Telecom Commission has made two recommendations:

  • It has prescribed a weighted average formula for calculating the spectrum usage fee for all bands available to a telecom service provider.
  • Usage fee for the spectrum to be auctioned later this year would be 3 % of adjusted gross revenues of telecom service operators. Then this rate would be included for calculating the weighted average formula for spectrum usage fee to be paid by an operator.

How is it calculated presently

  • Spectrum usage fee varies depending on the bands and the manner in which the spectrum has been acquired.
  • For instance, spectrum allocated through administrative orders attracts an escalating charge linked to the usage pattern; the auctioned spectrum is charged at the rate of five per cent of the service provider’s adjusted gross revenues; and the spectrum in the 2,300 MHz band auctioned in 2010 for broadband wireless access is levied a charge at the rate of only one per cent.

What have been the past issues regarding spectrum allocation?

  • confusion and uncertainty over what the spectrum usage fee ought to be for different bands.
  • Varying rates have also given rise to continuing lobbying by telecom companies.

Benefits of the recommendations:

  • It is reassuring that the government did not succumb to enforce a flat fee for all operators using all kinds of spectrum bands..
  • A weighted average formula is based on logic, as it respects the sanctity of the rate that was fixed at the time of allocating the spectrum and also links the levy to the extent of use of a certain spectrum band.

Way forward

Commission’s recommendations will now be taken up by the Union Cabinet and the new spectrum usage charge regime should address many of these concerns.

Conclusion

  • There will be no immediate benefit for the companies since they would continue to pay the amount they paid last year.
  • Hopefully, the weighted average formula would lay the foundation of a more stable regime for levying spectrum user charges in the future.

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By | 2016-06-11T07:15:46+00:00 June 11th, 2016|Categories: Editorial Simplified|Tags: , , , |0 Comments

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