The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) recently reopened the strategic Zojila Pass that acts as a gateway between the union territories of Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir.


About Zojila Pass

  • Zojila Pass, also known as ‘The Mountain Pass of Blizzards’, is a strategic pass that connects Kashmir Valley to Ladakh.
  • It is located on the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh highway (NH-1) at a height of 11,650 feet.
  • The pass remains closed for almost half of the year due to heavy snowfall.
  • History –
      • It was the site of the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947-48.
      • It was captured by militias aided by the Pakistan Army in 1848, with the ultimate aim of capturing Ladakh.
      • However, the pass itself was captured by the Indian Army on 1st November 1948 in an assault codenamed Operation Bison.


What is Zojila Tunnel?

  • Location — It is an under-construction tunnel situated at an altitude of 11,578 ft (around 3,500 metres) on the Srinagar-Leh Highway in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The tunnel would provide all-weather connectivity between Srinagar and Leh on NH-1.
  • Total Length — 14.15 km.
  • It will be India’s longest road tunnel, and Asia’s longest bi-directional tunnel.
  • It would be 9.5-meter wide and 7.57-meter high in the shape of a horseshoe.