On the occasion of World Health Day, the Union Health Ministry has said that India has registered a significant decline in the maternal and infant mortality rate and it will achieve the target of Sustainable Development Goals before the deadline of 2030.
What is the ‘World Health Day’?
- The World Health Day is a global health awareness day celebrated every year on 7 April, under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO).
- Since 1950, the World Health Day is held annually on April 7.
- The date of April 7 marks the anniversary of the founding of WHO in 1948.
- The Theme for 2022 is ‘Our planet, our health’.
About World Health Organisation –
- Founded in 1948 and based in Geneva, Switzerland, it is the UN agency responsible for global public health.
- Has 194 member states, and aims to “promote health, keep the world safe and serve the vulnerable.
- Involved in vaccination campaigns, health emergencies and supporting countries in primary care.
- Funded by a combination of members’ fees based on wealth and population and voluntary contributions.
Funding for WHO –
World Health Organisation is funded through –
1. Assessed Contributions –
- These are the dues countries pay in order to be a member of the Organization.
- The amount each Member State must pay is calculated relative to the country’s wealth and population.
- These contributions have declined, and now account for less than one-fourth of its funding.
2. Voluntary Contributions –
- These come from Member States (in addition to their assessed contribution) or from other partners (organisations & individuals)
- They can range from flexible to highly earmarked.
- Top funders include Bill and Melinda Gates (USD 367.7 million), GAVI Vaccine Alliance, World Bank, Rotary International and the European Commission.