On the occasion of World Health Day, the Union Health Ministry has said that India has registered a significant decline in the maternal and infant mortality rate and it will achieve the target of Sustainable Development Goals before the deadline of 2030.


What is the ‘World Health Day’?

  • The World Health Day is a global health awareness day celebrated every year on 7 April, under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • Since 1950, the World Health Day is held annually on April 7.
  • The date of April 7 marks the anniversary of the founding of WHO in 1948.
  • The Theme for 2022 is ‘Our planet, our health’.


About World Health Organisation –

  • Founded in 1948 and based in Geneva, Switzerland, it is the UN agency responsible for global public health.
  • Has 194 member states, and aims to “promote health, keep the world safe and serve the vulnerable.
  • Involved in vaccination campaigns, health emergencies and supporting countries in primary care.
  • Funded by a combination of members’ fees based on wealth and population and voluntary contributions.


Funding for WHO –

World Health Organisation is funded through –

1. Assessed Contributions –

  • These are the dues countries pay in order to be a member of the Organization.
  • The amount each Member State must pay is calculated relative to the country’s wealth and population.
  • These contributions have declined, and now account for less than one-fourth of its funding.

2. Voluntary Contributions –

  • These come from Member States (in addition to their assessed contribution) or from other partners (organisations & individuals)
  • They can range from flexible to highly earmarked.
  • Top funders include Bill and Melinda Gates (USD 367.7 million), GAVI Vaccine Alliance, World Bank, Rotary International and the European Commission.