The International Monetary Fund’s latest World Economic Outlook report has slashed India’s economic growth forecast to 6.8% for 2022. This is a steep cut in comparison to its previous forecast of 7.4%, that it had given out in July, 2022.

 

Details

  • In its October edition of the World Economic Outlook report, the IMF has said that Indias growth forecast has been slashed to 6.8% in 2022.
  • This is due to a weaker than expected outturn in the second quarter and more subdued external demand.
  • For the next year 2023, India has been projected to grow at 6.1%.

 

What it means for India?

  • At first glance, India appears better placed. India’s GDP growth rate is better and inflation (7.41 per cent in September, 2022) is not as high.
  • However, India is barely out of the contraction it suffered in 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The country was home to the most people (5.6 crore, according to World Bank) pushed below abject poverty in 2020.
  • India faces the following four major challenges which hamper her growth trajectory –
      • Higher crude oil and fertiliser prices will spike domestic inflation;
      • Global slowdown will hurt exports, dragging down domestic growth and worsening the trade deficit;
      • A strong dollar will put pressure on the rupees exchange rate, which will likely result in reducing its forex reserves and reducing the capacity to import goods when the going gets tougher;
      • Given the low demand among most Indians, the government might be forced to spend more towards providing basic relief in the form of food and fertiliser subsidies.

 

About the ‘World Economic Outlook’

  • The World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a survey report by the International Monetary Fund, published twice a year.
  • The report provides analysis and forecasts of economic developments and policies in member countries of IMF.
  • The report encapsulates the state of the global economy and highlights risks and uncertainty that could threaten growth.
  • The IMF surveys economists and other experts twice a year to publish the WEO report, in the months of April and October.