The Nation is celebrating Vijay Diwas on December 16 to commemorate India’s victory over Pakistan in 1971 Bangladesh Liberation war.
About ‘Vijay Diwas’ –
- On December 16, 1971, the chief of the Pakistani forces, General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, along with 93 thousand troops, had surrendered unconditionally to the allied forces consisting of Indian Army and Mukti Bahini, led by Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora in Dhaka after their defeat in the Liberation war.
- The war resulted in the birth of Bangladesh, which was then East Pakistan.
- The day is also observed in Bangladesh as ‘Bijoy Dibos’, marking the country’s formal independence from Pakistan.
- India had also held 93,000 prisoners-of-war by the end of war on December 16.
- Eight months after the war, in August 1972, India and Pakistan settled the Shimla agreement.
- Under the agreement, India agreed to release the 93,000 Pakistani prisoners-of-war.