A total lunar eclipse will occur on 8th November, 2022. The eclipse is visible from all places of India at the time of Moonrise.

 

What is it?

  • An eclipse of the Moon (or lunar eclipse) can only occur at Full Moon – when Earth is located directly between the Sun and the Moon – and only if the Moon passes through some portion of Earth’s shadow.
  • That shadow is composed of two cone-shaped components —
      • The outer or penumbral shadow is a zone where the Earth blocks part but not all of the Sun’s rays from reaching the Moon.
      • The inner or umbral shadow is a region where the Earth blocks all direct sunlight from reaching the Moon.
  • Types — Astronomers recognise three basic types of lunar eclipses –
      • Penumbral Lunar Eclipse — The Moon passes through Earth’s penumbral shadow. These events are of only academic interest because they are subtle and hard to observe.
      • Partial Lunar Eclipse — A portion of the Moon passes through Earth’s umbral shadow. These events are easy to see, even with the unaided eye.
      • Total Lunar Eclipse — The entire Moon passes through Earth’s umbral shadow. These events are quite striking due to the Moon’s vibrant red colour during the total phase (totality).