The first-ever bird survey in Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary was conducted recently, and the volunteers recorded 186 species of birds.


About the ‘Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary’

  • It is located in the Thane District of Maharashtra, 90 km northeast of Mumbai in the foothills of the Western Ghats.
  • It is known to be a paradise for birdwatchers.
  • It has two rivers, the Tansa and Vaitarna, and the sanctuary gets its name from the former, which divides the sanctuary into two parts.
  • The sanctuary forms the catchment area of Tansa lake, along with the surrounding forests of Khardi, Vaitarna, Wada, and Shahapur ranges.
  • Tansa reservoir, along with Vaitarna and Bhatsa reservoirs, is the major source of water for the cities of Mumbai and Thane. 
  • Within Tansa Sanctuary is a fort at Mahuli, situated on a 762 m high hilltop.
  • Vegetation — The Sanctuary has Southern Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest, with a few patches of Evergreen forest.
  • Flora — It consists of trees like Kalamb, Bibla, Khair, Hed, Teak, and Bamboo.
  • Fauna —
      • At least 54 species of animals and 200 species of birds exist in the sanctuary.
      • Major wild animals are Panther, Barking deer, Mouse deer, Hyena, Wild boar,
      • Two Critically Endangered Gyps species of vultures, the Vulnerable Pallas’s Fish-Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus, is also seen here.