Land mafias have damaged a portion of the wall of the fortified ancient city of Sisupalgarh.


About the Sisupalgarh

  • It is located near the city of Bhubaneswar in Odisha.
  • It was once the capital of Kalinga, which is the ancient name of Odisha.
  • It is considered one of the largest and best-preserved ancient fortifications inIndia.
  • The fortifications are over 2,000 years old and date back to the 3rd or 4th century BC.
  • The remains of the fortification were discovered in 1948 by the Indian archaeologist B.B. Lal.
  • Features —
      • It was designed and constructed in a complete square shape that was surrounded by defensive walls.
      • Each side spreads for over half a mile, and the interior is full of stone ruins and sculptures.
      • The walls of the fortification are a little over nine meters (30 feet) tall.
      • There were eight gateways into the city, two in each of the four sides of the wall.
      • The gateways were connected by streets in a grid-like arrangement with the palace in the centre.
      • The gates were elaborate structures made of brick and stone.
      • There is evidence of stone-lined reservoirs that were likely used for harvesting rainwater.
      • Intelligent traffic management, pedestrian-friendly pathways, grand gateways with guard houses, wide roads, and a vast open space were some of the key features of this ancient city.
      • The city is believed to have a population of around 20,000 to 25,000.