Land mafias have damaged a portion of the wall of the fortified ancient city of Sisupalgarh.
About the Sisupalgarh –
- It is located near the city of Bhubaneswar in Odisha.
- It was once the capital of Kalinga, which is the ancient name of Odisha.
- It is considered one of the largest and best-preserved ancient fortifications inIndia.
- The fortifications are over 2,000 years old and date back to the 3rd or 4th century BC.
- The remains of the fortification were discovered in 1948 by the Indian archaeologist B.B. Lal.
- Features —
- It was designed and constructed in a complete square shape that was surrounded by defensive walls.
- Each side spreads for over half a mile, and the interior is full of stone ruins and sculptures.
- The walls of the fortification are a little over nine meters (30 feet) tall.
- There were eight gateways into the city, two in each of the four sides of the wall.
- The gateways were connected by streets in a grid-like arrangement with the palace in the centre.
- The gates were elaborate structures made of brick and stone.
- There is evidence of stone-lined reservoirs that were likely used for harvesting rainwater.
- Intelligent traffic management, pedestrian-friendly pathways, grand gateways with guard houses, wide roads, and a vast open space were some of the key features of this ancient city.
- The city is believed to have a population of around 20,000 to 25,000.