According to Scientists, the Shiveluch volcano in Russia’s far eastern Kamchatka peninsula may be gearing up for its first powerful eruption in 15 years.

 

About the volcano

  • Shiveluch is one of the largest and most active volcanoes in Kamchatka, having erupted at least 60 times in the past 10,000 years.
  • It has two main parts —
      • Old Shiveluch, which tops 3,283 metres (10,771 ft), and
      • Young Shiveluch – a smaller, 2,800-metre peak protruding from its side.
  • Young Shiveluch lies within an ancient caldera – a large crater-like basin that likely formed when the older part underwent a catastrophic eruption at least 10,000 years ago.
  • The volcano has been continuously erupting since August 1999, but occasionally undergoes powerful explosive events, including in 2007.

 

About ‘Kamchatka’

  • Kamchatka is home to 29 active volcanoes, part of a vast belt of Earth known as the “Ring of Fire” which circles the Pacific Ocean and is prone to eruptions and frequent earthquakes.
  • Most of the peninsula’s volcanoes are surrounded by sparsely populated forest and tundra.
  • Six volcanoes in Russia’s northeast are currently showing signs of increased activity, including Eurasia’s highest active volcano Klyuchevskaya Sopka.