In order to mitigate the disastrous effects of climate change, the COP27 presidency recently launched the Sharm-el-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda. The agenda outlines 30 goals to improve resilience for 4 billion people living in the most climate vulnerable communities by 2030. Also, during the COP 27 Summit, Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) announced setting up the Infrastructure Resilience Accelerator Fund (IRAF).

 

What is the agenda?

  • The COP27 Presidency recently announced the launch of the Sharm-El-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda in collaboration with the High-Level Champions at the ongoing COP27.
      • At the COP21, in Paris, nations agreed that greater and more ambitious climate action is urgently needed to accomplish the Paris Agreement’s goals.
      • Nations chose to designate two High Level Champions to connect the efforts of governments with the various voluntary and collaborative actions made by cities, regions, businesses and investors.
      • Nigel Topping and Dr. Mahmoud Mohieldin are the COP27 High-Level Champions.
  • The agenda outlines 30 Adaptation goals to enhance resilience for 4 billion people living in the most climate vulnerable communities by 2030.
  • Each outcome presents global solutions that can be adopted at a local level to respond to local climate contexts, needs and risks, in order to protect vulnerable communities from rising climate hazards, such as extreme heat, drought, flooding, etc.
  • Collectively, these outcomes represent the first comprehensive global plan to rally both State and non-State actors behind a shared set of adaptation actions.
  • These actions are required by the end of this decade across five impact systems
      • Food and agriculture,
      • Water and nature,
      • Coastal and oceans,
      • Human settlements and infrastructure, and
      • Including enabling solutions for planning and finance.

 

Significance

  • The Agenda emphasises —
    • Mobilising USD 140-300 billion from public and private sources for adaptation and resilience.
    • Encourage 2,000 of the world’s greatest corporations to consider physical climate risk and create actionable adaptation plans.
    • The need for all actors to count on evidence-based, practical adaptation plans, to make climate risks clear and accessible, and to implement locally-led adaptation principles.

 

How will it be helpful to India?

  • The Sundarban region, which spans India and Bangladesh and is home to 7.2 million of the world’s most vulnerable people as well as the world’s largest mangrove forest, would benefit from adaptation efforts.
  • Mangrove forests can absorb four to five times more carbon emissions than landed tropical forests.

 

About the ‘Infrastructure Resilience Accelerator Fund (IRAF)’

  • Recently, Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) has announced setting up the Infrastructure Resilience Accelerator Fund (IRAF) with allocation of $50 million.
      • The CDRI, launched by PM Narendra Modi in New York in 2019, is a partnership of national governments.
      • It aims to promote the resilience of new and existing infrastructure systems to climate and disaster risks in support of sustainable development.
      • Besides India, it currently has 28 other members.
  • This fund will support global action to build robust infrastructure, especially in developing countries and small island developing nations, that can withstand the impacts of climate change.
  • IRAF will be a multi-donor trust fund, managed by UN Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office, New York.
  • Supported by India, the UK, Australia and the European Union, the IRAFs multi-pronged programme will offer — customised technical assistance, capacity building, research, knowledge management, and advocacy across the infrastructure life cycle for countries at all stages of development.