The Union Environment Ministry in association with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has been implementing ‘Secure Himalaya’ project to conserve the habitats of snow leopards.



  • The ‘Secure Himalaya’ project is funded by the Global Environment Facility.
  • It supports the government’s efforts for conservation of snow leopard and its habitat by developing and implementing a landscape-based approach for Himalayan ecosystems, and addresses key issues of habitat degradation, threatened livelihoods and illegal trade in wildlife.
  • It was launched in 2017.



  • Conservation of key biodiversity areas and their effective management to secure long-term ecosystem resilience, habitat connectivity and conservation of snow leopard and other endangered species.
  • Securing sustainable community livelihoods and natural resource management in high range Himalayan ecosystems.
  • Enhancing enforcement, monitoring and cooperation to reduce wildlife crime and related threats.
  • Gender Mainstreaming, Monitoring, evaluation and knowledge management.


Project Landscapes

  • Changthang, Ladakh Landscape, Jammu & Kashmir
  • Lahaul-Pangi and Kinnaur Landscapes,
  • Gangotri-Govind and Darma-Byans Landscapes,
  • Khangchendzonga-upper Teesta Valley.


About the ‘Global Environment Facility’

  • GEF is multilateral financial mechanism that provides grants to developing countries for projects that benefit global environment and promote sustainable livelihoods in local communities.
  • It was setup as a fund under World Bank in 1991.
  • In 1992, at the Rio Earth Summit, the GEF was restructured and moved out of the World Bank system to become a permanent, separate institution.
  • Since 1994, however, the World Bank has served as the Trustee of the GEF Trust Fund and provided administrative services.
  • It is based in Washington DC, United States.
  • It addresses six designated focal areas —
      • biodiversity,
      • climate change,
      • international waters,
      • ozone depletion,
      • land degradation and
      • Persistent Organic Pollutants.
  • GEF serves as financial mechanism for —
      • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
      • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
      • UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
      • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
      • Minamata Convention on Mercury