According to a report published by the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, at least 8 out of every 10 occupants, nearly 83%, killed in accidents across India were not wearing seatbelts.


Road Accidents in India 2021 Report

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has published the annual report ‘Road accidents in India — 2021’.
  • The purpose of this report is to present an in-depth analysis and overview of the road accidents in India.
  • The report provides information on various facets of road accidents in the country during the calendar year 2021.
  • This report is based on the data/information received from police departments of States/Union Territories collected on calendar year basis. This report has been developed by reporting, management, claim processing and analysis of road accident data by using the Integrated Road Accident Database (iRAD) system.


Major highlights of the report

  • As per the report, there were 4.12 lakh unfortunate incidences of road accidents during 2021 which claimed 1,53,972 lives. Young adults in the age group of 18-45 years accounted for 67.6% of victims during 2021.
  • During the previous year 2020, country saw an unprecedented decrease in accidents, fatalities and injuries. This was due to the unusual outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic and resultant stringent nation-wide lockdown particularly during March-April, 2020.
  • Major indicators related with accidents have performed better in 2021 when compared to 2019.
  • Road accidents decreased by 8.1 percent and injuries decreased by 14.8 percent in 2021 compared to 2019.
  • Fatalities, however, on accounts of road accidents increased by 1.9 percent in 2021 corresponding to the same period in 2019.
  • State-wise data –
      • Uttar Pradesh accounted for the largest share of fatalities at 13.8%, followed by Tamil Nadu (10%), Maharashtra (8.8%), Madhya Pradesh (7.8%), and Rajasthan (6.5%).
      • Of these, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh have seen a rise in their share of fatalities as compared to 2019.
  • Death due to not wearing Helmets/Seatbelts –
      • At least 8 out of every 10 occupants, nearly 83%, killed in accidents across India were not wearing seatbelts.
      • Uttar Pradesh reported the maximum deaths of car occupants for not wearing seatbelts.
      • Also, 2 out of every 3 who died in road crashes on two-wheelers were not wearing helmets.


What is iRAD?

  • It is an initiative of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) and is funded by World Bank, to improve road safety in the country.
  • This will facilitate road accident data collection by 4 stakeholder departments; Police, Transport, Highways and Health Departments.
  • Through a collection of road accident data from all over the country, a road accident database will be developed. The collected data will be analysed using different data analytics techniques for the identification of accident-prone areas and the causes of the accidents.
  • The analysis output will be represented in appropriate dashboards, access to higher authorities of stakeholder departments and MoRTH. And accordingly, a strategy will be formed for the reduction of the number of road accidents in India and to enhance road safety.