Recently, the Supreme Court rejected a review petition filed by Bilkis Bano.

 

About Review Petition

  • Article 137 of the Constitution gives Supreme Court the power to review any of its judgments or orders.
  • The court has the power to review its rulings to correct a “patent error” and not “minor mistakes of inconsequential import”.
  • Grounds for review petition —
      • In a 2013 ruling, the Supreme Court itself laid down three grounds for seeking a review of a verdict it has delivered —
        • the discovery of new and important matter or evidence which was not within the knowledge of the petitioner or could not be produced by him;
        • mistake or error apparent on the face of the record; or
        • any other sufficient reason which means a reason that is analogous to the other two grounds.
      • Who can file a review petition?
        • It is not necessary that only parties to a case can seek a review of the judgment on it.
        • Any person aggrieved by a ruling can seek a review.
      • Time frame —
        • As per 1996 rules framed by the Supreme Court, a review petition must be filed within 30 days of the date of judgment or order.
        • While a judgment is the final decision in a case, an order is an interim ruling that is subject to its final verdict.