Prime Minister Narendra Modi has paid tributes to Rani Velu Nachiyar on her birth anniversary.


Who was ‘Rani Velu Nachiyar’?

  • Rani Velu Nachiyar is the first Queen of Tamil Origin to fight against the British in India. 
  • She was the princess of Ramnad, and the daughter of Chellamuthu Sethupathy. She married the king of Siva Gangai and they had a daughter – Vellachi Nachiar. 
  • When her husband was killed, she was drawn into battle. Her husband and his second wife were killed by a few British soldiers and the son of the Nawab of Arcot. 
  • She escaped with her daughter, lived under the protection of Hyder Ali at Virupachi near Dindigul for eight years. 
  • During this period she formed an army and sought an alliance with Gopala Nayaker and Hyder Ali with the aim of attacking the British. 
  • In 1780, Rani Velu Nachiyar fought the British with military assistance from Gopala.
  • Rani Velu Nachiyar formed a woman’s army named “udaiyaar” in honour of her adopted daughter — Udaiyaar, who died detonating a British arsenal.
  • Nachiar was one of the few rulers who regained her kingdom and ruled it for 10 more years. 
  • The Queen Velu Nachiar granted powers to Marudhu Brothers to administer the country in 1780.
  • Velu Nachiar died a few years later, but the exact date of her death is not known (it was about 1790).