Sri Pingali Venkayya will always be remembered for his immense contribution to design of National Flag, says Andhra Pradesh Governor.


About ‘Pingali Venkayya’

  • Pingali Venkayya was born on 2nd August 1876 in Bhatlapenumarru village of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Pingali Venkayya was agriculturist and also an educationist who set up an educational institution in Machilipatnam.
  • During his stay in South Africa at the time of the Anglo Boer war, Venkaya served as a British army soldier.
  • Venkayya was very loyal and highly committed towards Gandhi and a firm believer of Gandhian principles.
  • In 1916, he published a booklet on flags. The booklet was titled ‘A National Flag for India.’ It contained twenty-four designs of flags.
  • In 1921, when he met Gandhi in Vijayawada, he showed him the booklet. Gandhi was pleased to see the design and acknowledged the need for a national flag, so he asked Venkayya to design a fresh one at the National Congress Meeting, held in 1921.
  • Initially, Pingali Venkayya-designed the flag featured saffron and green colours only ( called the swaraj flag) ; however, later, it was redesigned, and the third colour, white, was introduced along with a spinning wheel (Dharma Chakra) at the centre.
  • After undergoing several changes, the Tricolour was adopted as our national flag at a Congress Committee meeting in Karachi in 1931.
  • The Indian flag was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on July 22, 1947.
  • He died in poverty in 1963.