As per Stockholm-based defence think tank SIPRI, India had 160 nuclear warheads as on January 2022 and it appears to be expanding its nuclear arsenal.
SIPRI has launched the findings of SIPRI Yearbook 2022, which assesses the current state of armaments, disarmament and international security.
Key findings of SIPRI Yearbook 2022 –
- Nuclear arsenals are expected to grow —
- Despite a marginal decrease in the number of nuclear warheads in 2021, nuclear arsenals are expected to grow over the coming decade.
- This is due to the fact that the nine nuclear-armed states continue to modernise their nuclear arsenals. These nine states are – the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea).
- The total number of nuclear weapons declined slightly between January 2021 and January 2022. However, the number will probably increase in the next decade.
- Nuclear arsenal — At the start of 2022, the 9 nuclear-armed states possessed an estimated 12,705 nuclear weapons.
- A mixed outlook for global security and stability —
- The 53rd edition of the SIPRI Yearbook reveals both negative and some hopeful developments in 2021.
- Relations between the world’s great powers have deteriorated further at a time when humanity faces an array of profound common challenges.
- India and Pakistan —
- India and Pakistan appear to be expanding their nuclear arsenals.
- Both countries introduced and continued to develop new types of nuclear delivery system in 2021.
- India’s nuclear stockpile increased from 156 in January 2021 to 160 in January 2022. India does not share official data on its nuclear arsenal.
- Pakistan’s nuclear stockpile has remained at 165 in January 2021 and January 2022.
- India and Pakistan make statements about some of their missile tests but provide no information about the status or size of their arsenals.
- China is in the middle of a substantial expansion —
- China is in the middle of a substantial expansion of its nuclear weapon arsenal.
- Satellite images have indicated the construction of over 300 new missile silos. A missile silo is also known as missile launch facility or nuclear silo.
- Several additional nuclear warheads are thought to have been assigned to operational forces in 2021 following the delivery of new mobile launchers and a submarine.
About SIPRI –
- Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
- Established in 1966, SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public.
- SIPRI was established on the basis of a decision by the Swedish Parliament and receives a substantial part of its funding in the form of an annual grant from the Swedish Government.
- It releases the annual report ‘Trends in World Military Expenditure’.