Recently, Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF) has listed Neelakurinji under Schedule III of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, including it on the list of protected plants.



  • According to the recent orders, those who uproot or destroy the plant will invite a fine of ₹25,000 and three years imprisonment. The cultivation of this and its possession is not allowed,
  • Neelakurinji has been included on the list when the Centre expanded the earlier protected list of six plant species to 19.


About Neelakurunji

  • Neelakuruj is scientifically known as Strobilanthus Kunsthaus,
  • It is a shrub that grows in the shola forests of the Western Ghats in South India.
  • The plant is named after the famous Kunthi River which flows through Kerala’s Silent Valley National Park, where the plant occurs abundantly.
  • It is found at an altitude of 1,300-2,400 metres.
  • The Nilgiri Hills, which literally means the blue mountains, have got their name from the purplish blue flowers of Neelakurinji that blossoms only once in 12 years.
  • It is mainly found in the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka.


About the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

  • This act was enacted for the protection of plants and animal species.
  • Also, this act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting of these species was largely outlawed.