National Unity Day or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is celebrated on October 31, every year since 2014 to mark the birth anniversary of the Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.



  • This year marks the 147th birth anniversary of freedom fighter Vallabhbhai Patel.
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai merged 565 princely states to make India one nation. This is the reason why National Unity Day is celebrated on his birth anniversary.


About ‘Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’

  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was appointed as the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of India from 1947 to 1950.
  • He was so influenced by Gandhiji’s ideas that in the year 1920 in the non-cooperation movement, he adopted indigenous Khadi items and started boycotting foreign clothes.
  • Patel led the Satyagraha movement in Nagpur in 1923 against the British law of banning the hoisting of the Indian Flag.
  • He was the second candidate for the post of President after Mahatma Gandhi at the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress in 1929.
  • In the year 1950, the health of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel started deteriorating and on 15 December 1950, he said goodbye to the world.
  • Ahmedabad’s airport has also been named Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport.
  • In 2013, Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of Sardar Patel’s memorial in the Narmada district of Gujarat. It was named the Statue of Unity.