As he inaugurated the Aadi Mahotsav – a mega National Tribal Festival, at Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in Delhi, the PM stated that the Centre has been making efforts to mainstream the nation’s tribal communities.

According to the PM, the Pradhan Mantri Vishwakarma Kaushal Samman (PM-VIKAS) has been introduced to provide traditional craftspeople with financial support in addition to skill development.


History of the National Tribal Festival

  • The tribal festival is organised annually by the Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation Limited (TRIFED) under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs since 2015, when it was titled “VANAJ”.
  • TRIFED has been organising Aadi Mahotsav – National Tribal Festival to provide direct market access to the tribal master-craftsmen and women in large metros and state capitals.


About the Pradhan Mantri Vishwakarma Kaushal Samman (PM-VIKAS)

  • It was announced in the Union Budget 2023-24 as a step towards developing the nation’s artisans to enhance the scope, calibre and reach of their goods (to domestic and international markets), by providing —
      • Technology to increase their productivity and profit,
      • Skills training for age-old and traditional crafts, and
      • The opening of credit lines
  • The scheme will significantly benefit the weaker sections and women of society.
  • The scheme will also be implemented into the Micro, Small, and Medium-scale Enterprises (MSME) value chain, which will enhance their opportunity to scale up their business.
  • It seizes the prospects for progress and will contribute to India’s growth and development, as the craftspeople and artisans are the true spirits of self-reliant and independent India.


Highlights of the PM’s speech

  • At the event, the PM was presented with several gifts including a Pashmina shawl from Ladakh and a dhokra sculpture from Chhattisgarh.
  • Tribal dance forms such as Purulia Chhau from West Bengal, Baguramba from Assam, Panthi from Chhattisgarh, Tamang Selo from Sikkim, Gusadi from Telangana, etc., also marked the event.
  • According to the Census 2011, 104.2 million Indians or 8.6% of the total population are notified as “Scheduled Tribes (STs).”
  • Once considered remote, now the government is making efforts to bring the remote and neglected into the mainstream through internet and infrastructure.
  • A testament to this progress is India’s very own President Droupadi Murmu who belongs to a tribal background.
  • The share of STs in the Budget has gone up by five times as compared to 2014.
  • The government’s policies such as the —
      • Setting up of over 3,000 Van Dhan Vikas Kendras,
      • 80 lakh self-help groups (SHGs),The boost to the Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) for tribal children, and
      • A rise in the number of forest products that the government was purchasing at Minimum Support Price (MSP), had benefited tribal communities.
  • The Budget announced hiring of nearly 40,000 staffers for EMRSs around the country.
  • The New Education Policy 2020 addressed and allowed for them to learn in their mother-tongues.
  • Villages that used to be connected with separatism and extremism are now connected with 4G.
  • The magnificent structure of New India shall stand on the sound of the fusion of aadi (primitive) and aadhunikta (modernity) ensuring Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas and Sabka Prayas.