According to National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), India has recorded 30 tiger deaths within 2 months into 2023.


About the NTCA

  • It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC).
  • It was established in 2006 under Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
  • Objectives —
      • Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives become legal.
      • Fostering accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves by providing a basis for MoU with States within the federal structure.
      • Providing for an oversight by Parliament.
      • Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.
  • NTCA Members —
      • Minister in charge of MoEFCC (as Chairperson),
      • Minister of State in MoEFCC (as Vice-Chairperson),
      • three members of Parliament, the Secretary (MoEFCC), and other members.


What is ‘Project Tiger’?

  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) of the MoEFCC.
  • It was launched on 1st April 1973.
  • It provides funding support to tiger range States for the in-situ conservation of tigers in designated tiger reserves.
  • Project Tiger has been the largest species conservation initiative of its kind in the world.
  • National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is the immediate supervising agency.