The National Achievement Survey (NAS)-2021 was conducted by the Ministry of Education. Its report has been released.


Key highlights of the survey

  • Nearly 80% students found learning at home during the pandemic “burdensome” and felt that they learnt better in school with help from peers.
  • As many as 24% students said they had no digital device at home. Though 45% students found the experience “joyful”, 38% also said that they had difficulties in learning.
  • Out of a score of 500, students across various classes performed better in languages, but lagged behind in subjects like mathematics and science.
  • Across various subjects and classes, SC, ST and OBC students perform worse than general category students.


About the NAS

  • National Achievement Survey (NAS) is a nationally representative large-scale survey of students’ learning.
  • The survey assesses the health of the school education system in the country through a survey of children’s learning competencies at Classes 3, 5, 8 and 10.
  • The survey is conducted by the Ministry of Education in every three years. The last one was held in 2017.



  • The objective of NAS 2021 is to evaluate children’s progress and learning competencies as an indicator of the efficiency of the education system.
  • This will enable the govt to take appropriate steps for remedial actions at different levels.
  • It will help to unravel the gaps in learning and will support state and UT governments in developing long term, mid-term and short-term interventions to improve learning levels.



  • The NAS covered government, government-aided and private schools.
  • The subjects covered were —
      • Language, Mathematics and Environmental Studies (EVS) for classes 3 and 5;
      • Language, Mathematics, Science and Social Science for class 8
      • Language, Mathematics, Science, Social Science and English for class 10.
  • The survey was conducted via an OMR-based achievement test comprising multiple-choice questions along with questionnaires in 22 different languages. It was developed by NCERT.
  • In 2021, this nationwide survey was administered by the CBSE in one single day at the same time.