At the ongoing 27th Session of Conference of Parties (COP27) at Sharm El-Sheikh, the Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC) was launched with India as a partner.

 

What is it?

  • MAC is an initiative spearheaded by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in partnership with Indonesia to strengthen efforts on conserving and restoring mangrove forests.
  • It aims to raise awareness about the role of mangroves as a “nature-basedsolution to climate change.
  • India is among the first countries to join the alliance; the others include Australia, Japan, Spain, and Sri Lanka.
  • As part of this alliance, an international mangrove research centre will be established in Indonesia.
    • This centre will conduct studies on mangrove ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration and ecotourism.
  • Working —
      • The intergovernmental alliance will work on a voluntary basis and countries will set their deadlines for mangrove conservation.
        • The parties will decide their own commitments and deadlines regarding planting and restoring mangroves.
      • It will be difficult to hold members accountable. However, the member nations will share expertise and back each other in the endeavour to protect coastal areas.
  • India’s association would strengthen MAC —
      • As part of its Nationally determined contributions (NDCs), India has committed to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
        • Hence, India is keen on growing the mangrove plantation.
      • India has demonstrated expertise in mangrove restoration activities for nearly five decades and restored different types of mangrove ecosystems both on its east and west coasts.