Prime Minister Narendra Modi called for preparing a roadmap to develop Mangarh Dham in Rajasthan’s Banswara district as a tribal destination with a prominent identity at the global level. Mangarh Dham, situated near the Rajasthan-Gujarat border, is known for massacre of tribals by the British Indian Army in 1913.



  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed a public meeting at Mangarh Dham to mark the anniversary of the Mangarh massacre and commemorate tribal leader and social reformer Guru Govindgiri.
      • Mangarh Dham is located in Rajasthan’s Banswara district.
  • At the event, Prime Minister declared Mangarh Dham as a National Monument.
  • PM Modi said the memorial raised at the place was a symbol of bravery and sacrifice of tribals.
  • He said such an impactful event of the freedom struggle had not found its place in the history books because of “unfortunate circumstances”.
  • Modi said since Mangarh Dham was a shared heritage of the people of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, the governments of the four States could work together and prepare a roadmap to bring the memorial site on the world map.


About ‘Mangarh Dham

  • In November 1913, soldiers of the British Indian Army fired indiscriminately on Bhil protesters who were demanding the abolition of bonded labour.
  • Approximately 1,500 Bhil tribals and forest dwellers died in the incident which came to be known as the Mangarh massacre.
  • The movement was led by Guru Govindgiri who raised a front against local rulers who were forcing the Bhils into unpaid labour, to pay heavy taxes and high rates of land revenue.
  • According to the book ‘A History of Rajasthan‘, Govindgiri’s representatives submitted a charter of demands and a list of grievances against the Rajput States after which the British called upon the Bhils to leave Mangarh Hill before November 15, 1913.
  • When that didn’t happen, the princely kingdoms of nearby Dungarpur, Banswara and Sunth pressured the colonial government who then sent in the Mewar Bhil Corps to attack the Mangarh Hill.
  • In 1952, an annual fair was instituted in Mangarh in memory of Guru Govindgiri and his disciples.


About Bhil Tribe

  • Bhils are considered as one of the oldest tribe in India.
  • Once they were the ruler in parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Malwa, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar.
  • They are a cross section of great Munda race and a wild tribe of India.
  • Bhils could be identified as one of the Dravidian racial tribe of Western India and belong to Australoid group of tribes.
  • They speak a language of Dravidian origin. Bhils are Hindus by religion.