Prime Minister Narendra Modi has paid tributes to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on the 66th Mahaparinirvan Diwas.


What is Parinirvan?

  • Parinirvan is one of the chief principles and goals of Buddhism. The Sanskrit term (written in Pali as parinibbana) literally means “nirvana after death“, which refers to the achievement of nirvana after the body dies.
  • According to Buddhism, our life’s karma is carried on to the next through our soul or spirit after the body’s death. While the physical body disintegrates, we are reborn in our next life with a karmic debt from the previous one. Once you achieve nirvana, this cycle of rebirth stops, because no karmic debt remains.
  • Nirvana is very difficult to attain, and it suggests that one has lived a pure and blessed life. Lord Buddha’s death at the age of 80 years is known as the original Mahaparinirvan according to the Buddhist text, Mahaparinibbana Sutta, written in Pali.


Ambedkar’s Mahaparinirvan

  • Dr Ambedkar passed away on December 6, 1956, at his home in Delhi just a few days after completing his last work, The Buddha and His Dhamma. Ambedkar, who had finally converted to Buddhism after studying the religion for years on October 14, 1956, in Nagpur–along with 5,00,000 supporters — was considered to be a Buddhist leader by his followers, especially after his passing.
  • His mortal remains were cremated at Dadar Chowpatty in Mumbai with Buddhist rites. Because of his stature and contributions to the eradication of untouchability in India, he was considered to be a Buddhist guru. The place where he was cremated was marked as holy, and is known as Chaitya Bhoomi today.
  • Ambedkar’s followers believe that their guru was as influential, pure and blessed as Lord Buddha, and he did not have any karmic debt remaining because of his great works. This is the reason Ambedkar’s death anniversary is referred to as Mahaparinirvan Din or Divas.
  • Ambedkar’s followers and other Indian leaders pay their respects to the father of the Indian constitution at the Chaitya Bhoomi on this day. The celebrations at Chaitya Bhoomi mark the immense contributions, both constitutional and social, that Dr Ambedkar made for his country.



Government of India is developing five places as ‘Panchteerth’ in the honour of BR Ambedkar. Panchteerth include Ambedkar’s birthplace in Mhow (Madhya Pradesh), the place in London where he stayed while studying in the UK, ‘Deeksha Bhoomi’ in Nagpur, where he took education, ‘Mahaparinirvan Sthal’ in Delhi, and ‘Chaitya Bhoomi’ in Mumbai.