Recently, the Retired High Court Chief Justice Rituraj Awasthi has been appointed as the chairperson of the Law commission.

 

About the ‘Law Commission of India’

  • The appointment comes after more than two years after the 22nd Law Commission was notified on February 24, 2020.
  • Status — Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body and is constituted by a notification of the Government of India.
  • Background —
    • The Charter Act 1833 which was enacted by the British Parliament provided for the establishment of a Law Commission for consolidation and codification of Indian Laws.
    • In 1835, Lord Macaulay was appointed as Chairman of the First Law Commission.
  • Tenure — The tenure of Law Commission is for three years.
  • Mandate —
    • The Law Commission shall, on a reference made to it by the Central Government or suo-motu, undertake research in law and review of existing laws in India for making reforms therein and enacting new legislations.
    • It shall also undertake studies and research for bringing reforms in the justice delivery systems for elimination of delay in procedures, speedy disposal of cases, reduction in cost of litigation etc.
  • Composition and Eligibility — It has no fixed composition, no defined eligibility criteria for its chair and members, and no set functions.