The Indian Space Research Organisation’s heaviest rocket, Launch Vehicle Mark 3 (LVM3 or GSLV Mark 3) has successfully put into orbit 36 satellites of the U.K.-based OneWeb.



  • The 43.5-metre LVM3 weighing around 644 tonnes carried 36 satellites weighing 5,796 kg.
  • OneWeb’s satellites separated successfully from the rocket and were dispensed in nine phases, with signal acquisition on all 36 satellites confirmed. With this launch, LVM3 has made its entry into the global commercial launch market.


About the LVM3-M2

  • LVM3-M2 is the dedicated commercial satellite mission of NewSpace India Ltd. (NSIL), a Central public sector enterprise (CPSE) under the Department of Space.
  • This mission is being undertaken as part of the commercial arrangement between NSIL and Network Access Associates Ltd. (OneWeb Ltd.), which is a joint venture between India’s Bharti Enterprises and the U.K. government.



  • GSLV MKIII Project was approved in 2002, with a mandate of achieving the capability to launch a 4-ton (4000 kg) class satellite to Geo-Synchronous orbit, by realising an indigenously developed launch vehicle.
  • GSLV MKIII is configured as a 3-stage vehicle with two solid strap-on motors (S200, among the largest in the world), one liquid core stage and a high thrust Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS).
  • Characteristics of GSLV MKIII —
    • Performance capability of 4.3 ton to GTO
    • Payload capability to support 10 ton to LEO missions
    • Cost effective
    • Improved reliability, operability and redundancy management
    • Future growth potential of payload with minimal design changes
    • To support manned missions (like Gaganyaan mission) of Indian Space Programme
  • The maiden operational flight of GSLV MKIII has successfully launched Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft into the Super Geo-Synchronous Transfer Orbit in 2019.