The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change recently sought a “factual report” on the rhino population enumeration conducted in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve in March 2022.


About Kaziranga National Park

  • It is located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam.
  • It was declared a national park in 1974.
  • It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and houses two-thirds of the total world population of greater one-horned rhinoceros.
  • It is the largest undisturbed area in the Brahmaputra Valley floodplains.
  • Vegetation — It is a mix of eastern wet alluvial grasslands, semi evergreen forests and tropical moist deciduous forests.



  • It is primarily famous for its dense and tall elephant grasses intermixed with small swamplands.
  • It also includes an abundant cover of water lilies, water hyacinths and lotus.
  • Rattan Cane, a type of climbing palm, is also found here.



  • Important wildlife found are One-horned rhinoceros, Leopard, Fishing Cat, other Lesser cats, royal Bengal tiger, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civet, Sambar, Barking deer, Hog deer, Gaur, Hog Badger, Capped Langur, etc.
  • It is also one of the last remaining homes of the endangered and endemic western hoolock gibbon, the only species of apes found in India.
  • It is home to approximately 478 species of both resident and migratory birds.
  • It is one of the last homes of the critically endangered Bengal florican.