Recently, two researchers from Tamil Nadu have spotted a rare moth species for the first time in India in the buffer zone of Kalakkad–Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve.



  • The researchers from Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE) Tamil Nadu Wetland Mission are the first in the world to photograph the moth species Mimeusemia ceylonica.
  • It was first illustrated and described by English entomologist George Hampson and was sighted 127 years ago – at Trincomalee in Sri Lanka in 1893.
  • Mimeusemia ceylonica is a moth species belonging to the subfamily Agaristinae and family Noctuidae.


About Kalakkad–Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

  • The Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (KMTR) in Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari District of Tamil Nadu is one of the protected areas having diverse flora and fauna.
  • It was declared as the “First Tiger Reserve of Tamil Nadu” and the 17th Tiger Reserve of the country.
  • It consists of the Kanyakumari Wildlife sanctuary in the south and the Nellai Wildlife Sanctuary in the North.
  • The river Thamirabarani originates from this tiger reserve.
  • The reserve is also known as the “River Sanctuary” with as many as 14 rivers originating from this Tiger Reserve.
  • Flora — This region has got vegetation types which gradually change from dry thorn forest to dry deciduous, moist deciduous and a patch of West coast wet evergreen forests on the higher reaches of the reserve.
  • Fauna — Lion Tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Pipit, Grey Headed Bulbul, Blue Winged Parakeet etc.