The UN nuclear watchdog, IAEA’s 35-nation board of governors passed a resolution criticising Iran for failing to explain uranium traces at undeclared sites.
- The resolution was submitted by the UK, France, Germany and the U.S. to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and was backed by 30 countries.
- Only Russia and China opposed the move, while India abstained from voting.
- The motion is the first to chide Iran over its nuclear ambitions since 2020. It comes as talks to revive the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) remain stalled.
About International Atomic Energy Agency –
- The IAEA is the world’s centre of cooperation in the nuclear field.
- It was set up as the world’s “Atoms for Peace” organisation in 1957 within the United Nations family.
- It seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
- It is not under direct control of the UN. Though established independently of the United Nations through its own international treaty, the IAEA Statute, the IAEA reports to both the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.
- The IAEA Secretariat is headquartered at the Vienna International Centre in Vienna, Austria.
- The IAEA serves as an intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear technology and nuclear power worldwide.
- Currently, it has 173 member states.