At the G20 summit in Bali, Prime Minister Narendra Modi gifted world leaders a range of artworks, representing India’s diversity. During his address, PM Modi also mentioned Baliyatra, one of the country’s largest open-air fairs that commemorates the 2,000-year-old maritime and cultural links between ancient Kalinga and Southeast Asia.

 

Details –

  • In his address to the Indian diaspora in Bali on the sidelines of the G20 summit, PM Modi mentioned the annual Baliyatra on the banks of the Mahanadi in Cuttack.
  • This yatra celebrates the ancient trade relations between India and Indonesia.
  • This year’s Baliyatra, which concluded recently, also found a place in the Guinness World Records for achieving an impressive feat of origami, the creation of beautiful paper sculptures.

 

What is ‘Baliyatra’?

  • Baliyatra, literally ‘voyage to Bali’, is one of the countrys largest open-air fairs.
  • It is organised every year to commemorate the 2,000-year-old maritime and cultural links between ancient Kalinga (today’s Odisha) and Bali and other South and Southeast Asian regions like Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Burma (Myanmar) and Ceylon (Sri Lanka).
  • The festival begins on Kartik Purnima (full moon night in the month of Kartik).
  • The festival is organised by the Cuttack district administration and Cuttack Municipal Corporation in association with several other government agencies.

 

India’s cultural prowess at the Bali Summit

  • Miniature paintings from Kangra (Himachal Pradesh) —
    • The art originated in a small hill state Gulerin the first half of the 18th century when a family of Kashmiri painters trained in Mughal Style of painting sought shelter at the court of Raja Dalip Singh of Guler.
    • This style reached its zenith during the reign of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch who was a great patron of Kangra art.
    • The central idea behind Kangra paintings is often the immersive love story of Radha and Krishna.
    • Today, the Kangra art form is a serene celebration of life and its simplicity, using naturalistic colours.
  • Gujarat’s Mata ni Pachedi —
    • It is a handmade textile of Gujarat meant to be an offering in the temple shrines which house the Mother Goddess.
    • Mata Ni Pachedi was crafted by the nomadic community of Waghris as homage to various incarnations of the Goddess.
    • It is said that in this form of art, the goddess forms the central figure in the design, flanked by other elements of her story.
  • Patan Patola scarf from Gujarat —
    • This ancient art of double ikat or Patola woven in pure silk dates back to the 11th century.
    • The Patola fabrics bear an equal intensity of colours and design on both sides.
    • This peculiar quality has its origins in an intricate and difficult technique of dyeing or knot dyeing, known as ‘bandhani’, on the warp and weft separately before weaving.
  • Agate bowl from Gujarat —
    • Agate, a semi-precious stone, is found in underground mines of Rajpipla and Ratanpur in riverbeds, and extracted to produce a variety of ornamental objects.
    • The art of turning the stone into a range of products has been passed down through generation of artisans since the Indus Valley civilisation days and is currently practiced by Artisans of Khambat.
    • The healing powers attributed to agate stones have sustained the use of agate over centuries.
  • Pithora from Chhota Udaipur in Gujarat —
    • These paintings are made by the Rathwa artisans from Chhota Udaipur in Gujarat.
    • These painting are depiction of the cave art that tribals used to make reflecting the social, cultural and mythological life and beliefs of those tribals.
    • These paintings bear a striking resemblance the Aboriginal dot painting from the indigenous communities of Australia.
  • Kinnauri shawl from Himachal Pradesh —
    • These shawls are made using the extra-weft technique of weaving.
    • Every element of the design woven uses the knotting method — where the weft is inserted by hand and to lock the design, producing the lift in the pattern formed.
  • Kanal brass set from Himachal Pradesh —
    • It is used on ceremonial occasions, such as the processions of village deities.
    • It is also used to welcome the leaders of the Himachal Pradesh.
    • This traditional musical instrument is now increasingly used as a decor object and is manufactured in Mandi and Kullu districts of Himachal Pradesh.