Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi is India’s Chief Guest for Republic Day 2023 celebrations.


About ‘Egypt’

  • Location — Egypt is a transcontinental country situated in northeastern Africa and the Sinai Peninsula in Western Asia (Middle East).
  • Capital — Cairo
  • Boundaries —
      • The country borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Gulf of Suez and the Red Sea to the east.
      • It is bordered by Libya in the west, the Palestinian territory (Gaza Strip) and Israel in the northeast, and Sudan in the south.
      • It shares maritime borders with Cyprus, Turkey and Greece in the Mediterranean Sea, and with Jordan and Saudi Arabia in the Red Sea.
  • IndependenceModern Egypt became independent in 1922.
  • Population — With 12 million inhabitants (2021), Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world.
  • Language Spoken language is Modern Standard Arabic; the colloquial language is the Egyptian-Arabic dialect (Masri).
  • Islam is the dominant religion in Egypt with an estimated 85-90% of the population is Sunni Muslim.
  • Major rivers The famous River Nile is the only river that flows in Egypt throughout the year. Around 98% of the country’s population resides in the Nile River Valley.


About the ‘Suez Canal’

  • It is a 30 km (120 miles)-long artificial sea-level waterway located in Egypt.
  • It connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Gulf of Suez, a northern branch of the Red Sea.
  • It provides the shortest maritime route between Europe and the lands lying around the Indian and western Pacific oceans.
  • It is one of the world’s most heavily used shipping lanes.


What is Exercise Cyclone-I?

  • It is the first ever joint exercise between the special forces of the Indian Army and the Egyptian Army.
  • Location — Jaisalmer in Rajasthan