The United States is considering sending older HAWK air defence equipment from storage to Ukraine to help it defend against Russian drone and cruise missile attacks.


About HAWK

  • HAWK, short for ‘Homing All the Way Killer’, entered service with the US Army in 1959, during the Vietnam War.
  • It is a mobile air defence system.
  • It is a medium-range surface to air missile.
  • It underwent upgrades over the decades that followed, including a major one in 1971 that produced the so-called I-HAWK (or improved HAWK), with a kill probability of 85%.
  • The first versions of the system had a range of 25 km for aerial targets, and an altitude of 14 km. After modernisation: the maximum target interception range increased to 40 km with a maximum interception altitude of 18 km.
  • The HAWK system was the predecessor to the PATRIOT missile defence system that Raytheon built in the 1990s.
  • The U.S. forces largely stopped using HAWK from the early years of the new century.