A great knot from Russia, belonging to the endangered Calidris tenuirostris (Horsfield, 1821), has found its way to Kerala’s coast, flying over 9,000 km for a winter sojourn. Recently many juvenile great knots have been tagged with MOSKVA rings in the Kamchatka peninsula in eastern Russia.
About the ‘Great Knot’ –
- The Great Knot is an international migratory wading bird that travels vast distances between the northern hemisphere breeding grounds and southern hemisphere summer feeding grounds.
- The Great Knot is a medium-sized shorebird with a straight, slender bill of medium length and a heavily streaked head and neck.
- Scientific name — Calidris tenuirostris
- Distribution —
- Great Knots occur around coastal areas in many parts of Australia during the southern summer.
- They breed in eastern Siberia, and when on migration they occur throughout coastal regions of eastern and South East Asia.
- Habitat —
- In Australia, Great Knots inhabit intertidal mudflats and sandflats in sheltered coasts, including bays harbours and estuaries.
- They forage on the moist mud, and they often roost on beaches or in nearby low vegetation, such as mangroves or dune vegetation.
- Conservation —
- IUCN Red List of Threatened Species — Endangered