International Tiger Day is celebrated on July 29 every year to raise awareness about the dwindling population of the endangered cat. It is the anniversary of the agreement of Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia in 2010.


About Global Tiger Day 2022 –

  • The day is celebrated on July 29th each year to create awareness for tiger conservation. It promotes a system to protect natural habitats of tigers and raise public awareness. This year, the Global Tiger Day is celebrated with the slogan, “India launches Project Tiger to revive the tiger population”.
  • Saint Petersburg Summit – The summit was held to increase the awareness about declining tiger population in the world. Also, the leaders attended the summit pledged to make efforts to double the tiger population by 2022.


Background –

  • In 2010, with tiger numbers at an all time low, the tiger range governments committed to an ambitious and visionary goal of Tx2- to double wild tigers by 2022.
  • The initiative was started in 2010 at the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit.
  • The Tx2 approach looks at doubling the number of tigers in the wild, rather than just saving the animal in each of the countries in which it is present. This strategic focus looks at not only protecting tigers but protecting landscapes including source sites and corridors, according to World Wildlife Fund.
  • It also encourages trans-boundary collaboration between countries for tiger conservation. There are currently 13 tiger range countries – India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.
  • The Tx2 initiative marks the first time that all tiger range countries have come together to collaborate and work together towards a global goal of protecting this apex predator.
  • So far four species of tiger, including Bali Tiger, Caspian Tiger, Javan Tiger, and Tiger Hybrids are extinct.