Recently, the Global Network Against Food Crises (GNAFC) published its annual report titled ‘Global Report on Food Crises’ for the year 2022.
What is Food Security?
Food security means availability, accessibility and affordability of food to all people at all times.
- Availability of food means food production within the country, food imports and the previous years’ stock stored in government granaries.
- Accessibility means food is within reach of every person.
- Affordability implies that an individual has enough money to buy sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet one’s dietary needs.
About Global Network Against Food Crises (GNAFC) –
- The GNAFC was founded by the European Union, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and World Food Programme (WFP).
- It is an alliance of humanitarian and development actors working together to prevent, prepare for and respond to food crises and support the Sustainable Development Goal to End Hunger (SDG 2).
- The Global Report on Food Crises is the flagship publication of the Global Network and is facilitated by the Food Security Information Network (FSIN). FSIN is a global initiative co-sponsored by FAO, WFP and International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) to strengthen food and nutrition security information systems for producing reliable and accurate data to guide analysis and decision-making.
- The Report is the result of a consensus-based and multi-partner analytical process involving 17 international humanitarian and development partners.
Highlights of the report –
- Some 40 million more people globally experienced acute food insecurity at crisis or worse levels in 2021 than 2020.
- The report reveals that around 193 million people in 53 countries or territories experienced acute food insecurity at crisis or worse levels in 2021.
- Of these, over half a million people (5,70,000) in Ethiopia, southern Madagascar, South Sudan and Yemen were classified in the most severe phase of acute food insecurity Catastrophe. These countries require urgent action to avert widespread collapse of livelihoods, starvation and death.
- An additional 236 million people were stressed across 41 countries/territories in 2021 and required livelihood support and assistance for disaster risk reduction to prevent them from slipping into worse levels of acute food security.
- In 2021, almost 70 percent of the total number of people in Crisis or worse or equivalent were found in ten food crisis countries/territories.
- The outlook for global acute food insecurity in 2022 is expected to deteriorate further relative to 2021.