India has been ranked 107 out of 121 countries on the Global Hunger Index in which it fares worse than all countries in South Asia barring war-torn Afghanistan.

 

Details

  • India ranks 107th out of 121 countries on the Global Hunger Index 2022.
  • India also ranks below Sri Lanka (64), Nepal (81), Bangladesh (84), and Pakistan (99).
  • Afghanistan (109) is the only country in South Asia that performs worse than India on the index.
  • Globally, progress against hunger has largely stagnated in recent years. The 2022 GHI score for the world is considered “moderate”.
  • This is due to overlapping crises such as conflict, climate change, the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as the Ukraine war, which has increased global food, fuel, and fertiliser prices.
  • It is expected to “worsen hunger in 2023 and beyond.”

 

India’s performance

  • Child wasting rate –
      • India’s child wasting rate (low weight for height), at 19.3%, is worse than the levels recorded in 2014 (15.1%) and even 2000 (17.15%).
      • It is the highest for any country in the world and drives up the region’s average owing to India’s large population.
  • Undernourishment –
      • Prevalence of undernourishment, which is a measure of the proportion of the population facing chronic deficiency of dietary energy intake, has also risen in the country from 14.6% in 2018-2020 to 16.3% in 2019-2021.
      • This translates into 224 million people in India considered undernourished out of the total 828 million people undernourished globally.
  • Child Stunting & Mortality –
      • Child stunting has declined from 38.7% to 35.5% between 2014 and 2022.
      • Child mortality has also dropped from 4.6% to 3.3% in the same comparative period.
  • On the whole, India has shown a slight worsening with its GHI score increasing from 28.2 in 2014 to 29.1 in 2022.

 

About the ‘Global Hunger Index’

  • The Index tracks key indicators used to measure progress toward Zero Hunger by 2030 at national, regional, and global levels.
  • Based on the values of the four indicators – undernourishment, child wasting, child stunting and child mortality– the GHI determines hunger on a 100-point scale, where 0 is the best possible score (no hunger) and 100 is the worst. Each country’s GHI score is classified by severity, from low to extremely alarming.
  • It is jointly published by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe.
  • It was first produced in 2006. It is published every October. The 2022 edition marks the 17th edition of the GHI.
  • GHI considers four parameters to for ranking countries –
      • Undernourishment: share of the population that is undernourished, reflecting insufficient caloric intake;
      • Child wasting: share of children under the age of five who are wasted (low weight-for-height), reflecting acute under-nutrition;
      • Child stunting: share of children under the age of five who are stunted (low height-for-age), reflecting chronic under-nutrition; and
      • Child mortality: mortality rate of children under age five