According to a declaration released by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) conference, Climate observing system remains fragile and needs financing for strengthening and sustaining it.


About the ‘Global Climate Observing System’

  • Established in 1992 as an outcome of the Second World Climate Conference, the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) is a co-sponsored programme which regularly assesses the status of global climate observations and produces guidance for its improvement.
  • It is co-sponsored by the —
    • World Meteorological Organisation (WMO),
    • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO),
    • United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), and
    • International Science Council (ISC).
  • GCOS expert panels maintain definitions of Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) which are required to systematically observe Earth’s changing climate.
  • The observations supported by GCOS contribute to solving challenges in climate research and also underpin climate services and adaptation measures.
  • GCOS regularly reports on the adequacy of the current climate observing system to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and thereby identifies the needs of the current climate observing system.
  • Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland.