The 2,000-year-old Roman-era Gaziantep Castle was severely damaged by the devastating earthquake that recently hit Turkey and parts of Syria.


About the ‘Gaziantep Castle’

  • It is located on a hilltop in southern Turkey’s city of Gaziantep.
  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • It was first built by the Hittite Empire as an observation point and later built into a main castle by the Roman Empire in the 2nd and 3rd century AD.
  • The castle underwent further expansion and renovation under the Byzantine emperor Justinianus (called the “Architect of Castles”) between 527 and 565 AD.
  • The Ottomans repaired the castle over time, but it got a second full overhaul by Egyptian Sultan Qaitbay in 1481.
  • The castle took its final shape in 2000 and has been renovated many times.
  • Features —
      • The castle has the shape of an irregular circle.
      • It has 12 towers that house living quarters for soldiers and various other chambers such as stables, prison cells, storerooms for treasure troves, or barracks for troops.
      • The walls are made from stone and span 1200 meters in circumference.