Continuing the series of military exercises with countries in the Indo-Pacific, the Indian Air Force (IAF) will join 16 other nations, including Quad partners for Exercise Pitch Black, the biennial exercise hosted by the Australian Air Force.


About Pitch-Black Exercise –

  • Exercise Pitch Black a biennial multi-national large force employment warfare exercise conducted by Australia.
  • The 2018 exercise saw participation of 16 nations and more than 140 aircraft and it was the largest Pitch Black ever conducted by Australia.
  • The first Pitch Black exercises took place in 1981 between different RAAF units.
  • Later in 1990, it began as training exercise between Australia and Singapore and then was expanded as multilateral exercises by inviting international air forces with which Australia has defence ties.