Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar participated in the 17th East Asia Summit in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
What is ASEAN?
- ASEAN was founded in 1967 (by ASEAN Declaration at Bangkok, Thailand) by Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines with the aim of containing communism in their region.
- ASEAN Member nations – A total of 10-nations – Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, Philippines.
- The Secretariat of ASEAN is located at Jakarta, Indonesia.
- India, a leader of the NAM, which also leaned towards the Soviet Union, wasn’t enthusiastic about what it saw as a pro-US bloc in Asia. The year 2017 marked the 50 years of ASEAN.
- East Asia Summit (EAS) – A total of 18-nations – ASEAN (10 nations) + (China, Japan, South Korea) + (India, Australia, New Zealand) + (Russia, US)
- ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) – ARF is a formal, official, multilateral, dialogue in the Asia Pacific region. Participants: All EAS members (18 nations) + Papua New Guinea, East Timor, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, North Korea, Mongolia, Canada and EU. Objectives – To foster dialogue and consultation, and to promote CBMs and preventive diplomacy in the region. The ARF met for the first time in 1994.
About the ‘East Asia Summit’ –
- EAS is a meeting of 18 regional leaders for strategic dialogue and cooperation on the key political, security, and economic challenges facing the Indo-Pacific region.
- It is the Indo-Pacific’s premier forum for strategic dialogue.
- It comprises —
- Ten-member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) – Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam; and
- Eight dialogue partners of ASEAN – Australia, China, Japan, India, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Russia and United States.
- The United States and the Russian Federation joined at the 6th East Asia Summit in 2011.
- The EAS membership represents around 54% of the world’s population and accounts for 58% of global GDP.
- Six priority areas of regional cooperation within the framework of the EAS —
- Environment and Energy,
- Global Health Issues and Pandemic Diseases,
- Natural Disaster Management, and
- ASEAN Connectivity
EAS’s links with India –
- ASEAN-India Strategic Partnership stands on a strong foundation of shared geographical, historical and civilisational ties.
- ASEAN is central to India’s Act East Policy and our wider vision of the Indo-Pacific.
- This year marks the 30th anniversary of ASEAN-India relations and is being celebrated as the ASEAN-India Friendship Year.
- Recently, Vice-President Dhankhar announced an additional contribution of USD 5 million to the ASEAN-India science and technology fund to enhance cooperation in sectors of public health, renewable energy and smart agriculture.