According to Ministry of Labour and Employment officials, the Ministry is working on a mechanism to process accident insurance claims by unorganised workers registered on the e-Shram portal, which has seen over 27 crore registrations so far.


The extent of unorganised sector in India

  • The Indian economy is characterised by the existence of a vast majority of informal or unorganised labour employment (as per NSSO, over 90% of the total employment in the country).
  • According to the Ministry of Labour and Employment, the unorganised sector comprises establishments or units which are engaged in the production or sale of goods or services and employs less than 10 workers.
  • These units are not covered under the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) and Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO).
  • Any worker who is a home-based worker, self-employed worker or a wage worker working in the unorganised sector and not a member of ESIC or EPFO, is called an unorganised worker.


About the National Career Service

  • It is a Five-Year Mission Mode Project launched in 2015 and implemented by the Directorate General of Employment, Ministry of Labour & Employment. 
  • It is a one-stop solution that provides a wide array of employment and career related services to the citizens of India.
  • It works towards bridging the gap between jobseekers and employers, candidates seeking training and career guidance, agencies providing training and career counselling.
  • It reaches out to the people through its three essential pillars
      • A well-designed ICT based portal which is NCS portal, providing a wide range of career related services including job search, job matching, rich career content, career counselling, information on Job Fairs, etc.
      • Country wide set up of Model Career Centres.
      • Interlinkage with all the states through employment exchanges.


E-Shram Portal

  • The e-Shram portal was launched by the Union Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India, in August, 2021.
  • The workers will receive an e-Shram card with a 12-digit unique number that will let them be included in social security programmes in the future.
  • The registration of workers on the portal will be coordinated by the Labour Ministry, state governments, trade unions and CSCs.
  • Awareness campaigns would be planned across the country to enable nationwide registration of workers.
  • A national toll free number — 14434 — will also be launched to assist and address the queries of workers seeking registration on the portal.
  • A worker can register on the portal using his/her Aadhaar card number and bank account details, apart from filling other necessary details like date of birth, home town, mobile number and social category.