Union Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister has recently said that India will soon launch E-20 fuel with 20% blending of ethanol.

 

About E-20 Fuel

  • The E20 fuel is a twenty percent blend of Ethanol and eighty percent of fossil based fuel.
  • The introduction of E20 fuel has the motive of reducing the reliance on fossil based fuels for building a more sustainable society for the future and to reduce vehicular emissions.
  • It is expected to reduce air pollution, being lesser polluting than petrol.
  • The government foresees oil import savings to the tune of Rs. 30,000 crores annually.

 

What is Ethanol fuel?

  • Ethanol fuel is ethyl alcohol, the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic drinks.
  • It is most commonly utilised as a motor fuel, primarily as a biofuel addition in gasoline.
  • Biomass is commonly utilised for making ethanol, such as corn or sugarcane.
  • India’s abundance of sugarcane production is pivotal to the push towards ethanol based fuel.

 

Flex engines

  • Flex engines are those that can run at any ratio of ethanol blending from E20 to E100.
  • These types of engines and cars are not new.
    • The Fiat 147, launched in 1978 in Brazil, was the first production car to run solely on ethanol.