September 5 is commemorated as the ‘Teacher’s Day’ annually to mark the birth anniversary of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
About Dr Radhakrishnan –
- He was born on September 5, 1888 in Thiruthani, Tamil Nadu. He was India’s first Vice President and second President.
- He received a knighthood in 1931 and honorary membership of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963. He was the first Indian to hold a chair at the University of Oxford – the Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics (1936-1952), In 1930, he was appointed Haskell lecturer in Comparative Religion at the University of Chicago.
- He was elected chairman of UNESCO’s executive board in 1948.
- He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1954.
- He was one of the founders of Helpage India, a renowned NGO for elderly underprivileged in India.
- He had also formed the Krishnarpan Charity Trust along with Ghanshyam Das Birla and some other social workers in the pre-independence era.
- Works – His book, ‘The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore’ became famous globally in terms of showcase of Indian philosophy. His philosophy was grounded in Advaita Vedanta. He defended Hinduism against “uninformed Western criticism” and played a major role in the formation of contemporary Hindu identity.
- His other works include Indian Philosophy, (1923-27), The Philosophy of the Upanishads (1924), An Idealist View of Life (1932), Eastern Religions and Western Thought (1939), and East and West: Some Reflections (1955).