While hearing death sentence appeals since September 2021, the Supreme Court has repeatedly expressed concern over the manner in which trial courts and High Courts have carried out sentencing with very little (relevant) information.
Correcting the procedures –
What has caused the SC to examine practices in death penalty sentencing?
The court is undertaking an exercise to reform the procedures by which information necessary in a death penalty case is brought before courts. In so doing, the Supreme Court is acknowledging concerns with the manner in which death penalty sentencing is being carried out. While the death penalty has been held to be constitutional, the manner in which it has been administered has triggered accusations of unfairness and arbitrariness.
How are judges supposed to choose between life and death sentences?
What is mitigation, and what are mitigating factors?
What has happened to this framework in the four decades since Bachan Singh?