Minister of State for External Affairs Meenakshi Lekhi recently rejected the Pakistan PM Sharif’s statement on the Kashmir issue at the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) held in Astana.
About CICA –
- The Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) is an inter-governmental forum for enhancing cooperation towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia.
- It is a forum based on the recognition that there is close link between peace, security and stability in Asia and in the rest of the world.
- Membership – To be a member of CICA, a state must have at least a part of its territory in Asia. Presently CICA has twenty-seven Member States. India has been associated with the CICA process and its activities since the Beginning. Nine countries and five multi-national organisations, including the United Nations, have observer status.
- The key idea of the Conference is based on the priority of the indivisibility of security, joint initiative and mutually beneficial interaction of small and large states.
- The CICA Summit is convened every four years. The Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs is required to be held every two years.
- The idea of convening the CICA was first proposed by Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev on 5 October 1992, at the 47th Session of the United Nations General Assembly.
- The first meeting of the CICA Ministers of Foreign Affairs was held on 14 September 1999 with participation of 15 Member States (Meeting between Foreign Ministers is held every two years). The Declaration on Principles Guiding Relations between CICA Member States was adopted at this meeting.
- The first CICA summit was held on 4 June 2002 with participation of 16 Member States and Almaty Act, the charter of the CICA, was adopted. The impetus for this meeting came from the 9-11 terrorist attacks of the previous year. Thus, counter-terrorism became an important issue for CICA, and this theme has run through the subsequent meetings.